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Specimen Types, Diagnostic Methods and Turnaround Times

Lab Test Directory
  Test results
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Disease/Aetiologic Agent Comment Specimen Methods Turnaround Time (Days)
EBV - Not routinely tested
- CARPHA to be contacted for discussion and assistance prior to submission of specimens
Serum IgM ELISA 7
Influenza and other Respiratory syncytial, Parainfluenza 1 - 4, Metapneumovirus, Adenovirus, Rhinovirus Performed at CARPHA for countries without testing capability Aspirate or washes|Broncheoalveolar lavage|Nasopharyngeal swab|Oropharyngeal swab|Serum|Tracheal aspirates (collected within 1 -7 days of onset) IgM ELISA|PCR|Virus isolation 7-28
Leptospirosis Performed at CARPHA for countries without testing capability Serum (collected > 5 days after onset) IgM ELISA 7
Malaria (indigenous and imported) - Laboratory testing: in-country
- CARPHA: to be contacted for discussion if necessary
Thick and thin slides Microscopy 2
Meningitis infection (due to Neisseria meningitidis); Meningitis/Pneumonia (due to Streptococcus pneumoniae); Meningitis/Pneumonia (due to Haemophilus influenzae) - Performed at CARPHA for countries without testing capability
- Isolates to be submitted to CARPHA for further characterization.
Isolate in BHI with glycerol or on chocolate agar Antimicrobial Resistance (AMR) testing|Culture|Serotyping 7 - 14
NeisseriaGonococcal infection Performed at CARPHA for countries without testing capability Isolate in BHI with glycerol or on chocolate agar Antimicrobial Resistance (AMR) testing|Culture 7 - 14
Norovirus Performed at CARPHA for countries without testing capability Stool IgM ELISA|PCR 7
Opportunistic infections (e.g. cryptosporidium, CMV, toxo, pnuemo,etc)* Performed at CARPHA for countries without testing capability CMV:serum|Cryptococus neoformans: CSF|Cryptosporidium: Stool|Toxoplasma: Serum 7
Pertussis Performed at CARPHA for countries without testing capability Nasopharyngeal swab|Throat swab Culture|Referred for PCR testing 7
Plague Sent to CARPHA's Reference Laboratory Biopsy material from bubo|Blood Antimicrobial Resistance (AMR) testing|Blood culture|Culture 14
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