Research, Policy Development and Evaluation

Acting as an evidence hub to facilitate, coordinate and promote public health research including monitoring and evaluation

CARPHA conducts research and provides technical assistance on:

  • Pharmaceutical products. CARPHA evaluates the quality of pharmaceutical products, liaises with drug quality control agencies in protecting public health and provides information and advisory services to CARICOM countries on issues pertinent to medicinal quality.
  • Health research. This involves the analysis of the health situation and trends of the population.  It also collaborates with the member countries to strengthen the database utilised to analyse the health situation and trends of the population.
  • Food and nutrition. This is guided by the need to provide evidence-based information to more effectively prevent and manage the major food and nutrition problems in the region. To this end, the Agency rigorously pursues qualitative and quantitative research on nutrition related diseases in a number of areas, including:
    • Research to develop protocols and guidelines for dietary management of diseases;
    • Formative research; and
    • Research on behaviour change.
    • Environmental management. This includes:
      • Water Resources Management, Sustainable Land Management and Integrated Watershed and Coastal Areas Management
      • Waste Management: Solid, liquid, hazardous, biomedical and electronic waste
      • Indoor Air Quality, Chemical Safety and Occupational Health and Safety
      • Sustainable Consumption and Production,
      • Eco-Efficiency and Renewable Energy
      • Environmental and Social Impact Assessments
      • Environmental Management Training
      • Public Awareness and Outreach

Developing methods for health impact assessment

CARPHA conducts studies on health, environmental and social impact assessments in the Caribbean. Health impact studies identify major health problems facing the Region, determine the potential for their control and evaluate the impact of interventions. Environmental and social impact assessments focus on the impacts of human activity on the environment and the consequent effects on human health and the socio-economic development of CARICOM States.

Stimulating and developing research capacity in Member States

There is a need to promote a research culture and strengthen the Region’s capacity to conduct public health research and utilize those results to improve health and foster development in the Caribbean. CARPHA is facilitating the development and strengthening of health research and related capacity in the Caribbean by conducting training workshops for professional and technical personnel working in the Caribbean Region in the areas of:

  • Health disciplines, including epidemiology, laboratory technology and related public health disciplines and their application to surveillance, epidemic investigation and control, health situation analysis and trend assessment
  • Sustainable management of land and water resources used to meet social, economic, and environmental demands.
  • Nutrition, dietetics, food economics and food and nutrition policy and planning.
  • Health research:
    • Basic Research Skills,
    • Data Management and Analysis,
    • Research Ethics,
    • Monitoring and Evaluation (M&E) and
    • Grant Writing.

The training plays an important role in increasing the level of research literacy among all public health professionals and has contributed significantly to the strengthening of a research culture in the Caribbean, empowering the public health professional to respond to the challenges they face using a scientific approach.

Developing a strategic research agenda for CARICOM

CARPHA is working with Caribbean governments and other stakeholders to develop a strategic research agenda for public health in CARICOM. This will focus on the evidence-based research needed to address public health challenges in the Region.

Promoting the sharing of research regionally and internationally

CARPHA is proactive in addressing public health concerns through its evidence-based research and sharing results regionally and internationally. This is particularly evident with public health goods, such as disease surveillance for which the cost and benefits spill over national boundaries requiring regional and global collaboration and action.

Regionally, CARPHA will coordinate the efforts of the Dutch, French and Spanish Caribbean in public health research to streamline activities, reducing duplication of effort and resources.

Internationally CARPHA provides a focal point for the exchange of public health research of global interest.

Leading special studies, including modelling and cost analysis, to support and develop CARPHA’s evidence-based policy advice.

In support of this CARPHA is strengthening baseline information on public health by updating relevant databases.